This was once Africa's highest mountain, far exceeding Kilimanjaro current 5,895M above Sea Level however at Wagagai Peak, due to Continuous erosion, the Mountain has reduced its height to 4,321m, reducing it to the 4th highest peak in East Africa and 8th on the continent. The Mountain has been enclosed by two tribes hence the Sabini and the Gishu who are also known as the Bamasaba who have way back Considered Mountain Elgon to be the embodiment of their Founding father Masaba hence referring the mountain by this name ‘’Lukingi lwa Masaba’’.
It is too important to also note that Mt. Elgon has the largest volcanic base in the world covering a total Surface area of about 4,000Sqkm cutting across the Uganda-Kenya border; it is also the oldest and largest solitary volcanic mountain in East Africa. Its vast form 80km in diameter rises more than 3,000M above the surrounding plains. The mountain’s cool heights offer respite from the hot plains below, with the higher altitudes providing a refuge for flora and fauna.
Furthermore, Mount Elgon National Park is home to over 300 species of birds, including the endangered Lammergeyer. Small antelopes, forest monkeys, elephants and buffalos which live on the mountainside. The higher slopes are protected by national parks in Uganda and Kenya, creating an extensive trans-boundary conservation area which has been declared a UNESCO Man and Biosphere Reserve. A hike on Mount Elgon’s deserted moorlands unveils a magnificent and uncluttered wilderness without the summit-oriented approach common to many mountains. The ultimate goal on reaching the top of Mount Elgon is not the final ascent to the 4321m Wagagai Peak, but the descent into the vast panoramic 40km² caldera and Unique spectacular caves.